Dr. Pagnini graduated with his MS in Clinical Psychology from the Catholic University of Sacred Heart of Milan (Italy), receiving the award for “Best Graduate Gemelli Catholic University” for the year 2007. He obtained his PhD in Clinical Psychology at the University of Bergamo. Dr. Pagnini is a research fellow at the Laboratory of Clinical Psychology at the Catholic University in Milan. His main areas of study and intervention are Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), neurodegenerative and neuromuscular disorders. Dr. Pagnini utilizes a biopsychosocial perspective in his ALS-related work and has also addressed the significance of spirituality in the life of the ALS patient. He performs professional services in Milan and specializes in personal management of critical events, anxiety and depressive symptoms. Dr. Pagnini is an Associate Editor for the journal Frontiers of Psychology in Medical Settings.